This book provides an excellent introduction to the basic historiographical problem involved in studying the early modern Catholic Church: what should we call the period? The author reviews the various solutions, (Counter-Reformation, Catholic Reformation, Catholic Reform, Catholic Confessionalization, Catholic Revival) and the history of the use of those terms. Then he proposes an additional term: "early modern Catholicism," which should be used besides all of the others. This begs the question, of course, of what exactly "early modern" means--a not entirely uncontroversial term in itself. The best part of the book is the reviews of where the current terms came from historically and why they were used. The solution is less compelling, simply because words like Counter-Reformation and Catholic Reformation are not only well-dispersed and easily understood, but they are still meaningful to the people who are using them. Also, the writer intentionally stays out of evidential debates by saying "that's material for a longer book". This is really a book about historiography--if you want info about the Catholic Ref., check out Bireley or Hsia or Mullett. On the other hand, this would be a really great book for graduate students who need a quick update on this info for their exams.